"The social pay gap among occupational twins: a task-based comparison"

Elisabeth Bublitz and Tobias Regner

The relevance of certain occupations for society has become evident during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the societal appreciation does not show in earnings, particularly not for care work. In light of the ongoing calls for pay raises in these occupations, our paper provides a rationale to identify differences in job content and pay between social and other occupations. We propose a data-driven approach that compares all jobs based on their tasks content. Accordingly, 13% of all occupations are highly comparable and, within this group, the wage penalty of social occupations (eg, health care, education) corresponds to up to around€ 500 lower earnings per month.